Mindful Living With Stress (MLWS)

Mindful Living With Stress (MLWS)

Background/purpose: Workplace stress among nurses providing care for people living with human immunodeficiency virus is a serious problem in China that may increase rates of job burnout and affect quality of care. Mindfulness-based intervention has been shown to be effective in relieving stress and burnout in nurses. Therefore, we designed a mixed-method pilot study to evaluate a mindfulness-based intervention for nurses providing care for people living with human immunodeficiency virus.

Methods: Twenty nurses caring for people living with human immunodeficiency virus in the First Hospital of Changsha, China participated in a mindfulness-based intervention for 2 hr sessions weekly for 6 weeks. The Perceived Stress Scale, Maslach Burnout Inventory, Five Facets MindfulnessQuestionnaire, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and the Beck Depression Inventory were used to collect data before and after the mindfulness-based intervention. Participants were invited to attend an in-depth interview 1 week after the end of the mind- fulness-based intervention to give feedback.

Results: The quantitative analyses revealed a significant change in Five Facets MindfulnessQuestionnaire scores. There were no significant differences between pre- and post-interven- tion measures of any other variables. Qualitative results showed nurses experienced a decrease in work and daily life pressures; improvements in communications with patients, colleagues and families, with better regulation of negative emotions, and acceptance of other people and attention.

Conclusion: This study supports the acceptability and potential benefits of the mindfulness- based intervention in helping nurses caring for people living with human immunodeficiency virus to manage stress and emotions, and improve their acceptance of others and attention. A larger study with a randomized controlled trial design is warranted to confirm the effective- ness of this mindfulness-based intervention.

Rank: 103
First Author: Pan
Outcome: Stress,Emot. Exhaust./Comp. Fatig.,Anxiety,Burnout,Mindfulness,Depression,Intervention Experience
Outcome p-value: Stress:●, Emotional Exhaustion/Compassion Fatigue:●, Anxiety:●, Burnout:●, Mindfulness:⭑⭑, Depression:●, Intervention Experience
Intervention Category: Mindfulness
Time per Employee (hours): 12
Hours per Employee: 12
D&B Study Quality Rating: 10
Reviewer Confidence: 2
Country: China
Study Design Type: Quasi-experimental
Materials Available to Implement: Intervention outlined in publication. Corresponding author: tt96@sina.com
Organiz./Individ. Focus: Individual
Prevention Category: Secondary
Effect Size: Large
Effect size Small:
Effect size Medium:
Effect size Large: Mindfulness
Reference: Pan, C., Wang, H., Chen, M., Cai., Y., Xiao, C., Tang, Q.,& Koniak-Griffin, D. (2019).   Mindfulness-based intervention for nurses in AIDS care In China: A pilot study. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, 15:3131-3141. https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S223036