Workplace Mindfulness-Based Intervention (WM-BI)

Workplace Mindfulness-Based Intervention (WM-BI)

Objective: To determine whether a workplace stress-reduction intervention decreases reactivity to stress among personnel exposed to a highly stressful occupational environment.

Methods: Personnel from a surgical intensive care unit were randomized to a stress-reduction intervention or a waitlist control group. The 8-week group mindfulness-based intervention included mindfulness, gentle yoga, and music. Psychological and biological markers of stress were measured 1 week before and 1 week after the intervention.

Results: Levels of salivary α-amylase, an index of sympathetic activation, were significantly decreased between the first and second assessments in the intervention group with no changes in the control group. There was a positive correlation between salivary α-amylase levels and burnout scores.

Conclusions: These data suggest that this type of intervention could decrease not only reactivity to stress but also the risk of burnout.

Rank: 53
First Author: Duchemin
Outcome: Stress,Burnout
Outcome p-value: Stress:●, Burnout:⭑
Intervention Category: Mindfulness
Time per Employee (hours): 9
Hours per Employee: 9
D&B Study Quality Rating: 15.5
Reviewer Confidence: 3
Country: US
Study Design Type: RCT
Materials Available to Implement: Intervention described in the publication and delivered by M. Klatt, a trained mindfulness and certified Yoga instructor. Protocol cdescribed in publication. Daily practice was required. Corresponding author:
Organiz./Individ. Focus: Individual
Prevention Category: Secondary
Effect size Small:
Effect size Medium:
Reference: Duchemin, Anne-Marie, Beth A. Steinberg, Donald R. Marks, Kristin Vanover, and Maryanna Klatt. “A Small Randomized Pilot Study of a Workplace Mindfulness-Based Intervention for Surgical Intensive Care Unit Personnel: Effects on Salivary α-Amylase Levels.” Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine 57, no. 4 (April 2015): 393–99.