Participatory Intervention to Improve the Psychosocial Work Environment

Participatory Intervention to Improve the Psychosocial Work Environment

Objectives: Improvement of psychosocial work environment has proved to be valuable for workers' mental health. However, limited evidence is available for the effectiveness of participatory interventions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect on mental health among nurses of a participatory intervention to improve the psychosocial work environment.

Methods: A cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted in hospital settings. A total of 434 nurses in 24 units were randomly allocated to 11 intervention units (n=183) and 13 control units (n=218). A participatory program was provided to the intervention units for 6 months. Depressive symptoms as mental health status and psychosocial work environment, assessed by the Job Content Questionnaire, the Effort-Reward Imbalance Questionnaire, and the Quality Work Competence questionnaire, were measured before and immediately after the 6-month intervention by a self-administered questionnaire.

Results: No significant intervention effect was observed for mental health status. However, significant intervention effects were observed in psychosocial work environment aspects, such as Coworker Support (p<0.01) and Goals (p<0.01), and borderline significance was observed for Job Control (p<0.10).

Conclusions: It is suggested that a 6-month participatory intervention is effective in improving psychosocial work environment, but not mental health, among Japanese nurses.

Rank: 38
First Author: Uchiyama
Outcome: Depression,Work Functioning
Outcome p-value: Depression:●, Work Functioning:⭑
Intervention Category: Peer Support,Health Literacy and Anti-Stigma,Coping Skills Development
Time per Employee (hours): No time specified.
D&B Study Quality Rating: 17.5
Reviewer Confidence: 3
Country: Japan
Study Design Type: RCT
Materials Available to Implement: The intervention with detailed steps listed in the publication; the materials provided to the participants are not in the publication. Corresponding author: utiaya@tokyo-
Organiz./Individ. Focus: Organizational
Prevention Category: Primary
Effect size Small:
Effect size Medium:
Reference: Uchiyama, Ayako, Yuko Odagiri, Yumiko Ohya, Tomoko Takamiya, Shigeru Inoue, and Teruichi Shimomitsu. “Effect on Mental Health of a Participatory Intervention to Improve Psychosocial Work Environment: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial among Nurses.” Journal of Occupational Health 55, no. 3 (May 2013): 173–83.