Aim: To assess the effect of a 4-week mindfulness-based training intervention on improving stress, anxiety, depression and job satisfaction among ward nurses.

Background: Previous literature showed that mindfulness-based training is useful for helping nurses cope with stress.

Method: Nurses who have mild to moderate levels of stress, anxiety and depression identified from a teaching hospital were invited to a randomized control trial. The intervention group had a 2-hr Mindfulness-Based Training workshop, followed by 4 weeks of guided self-practice Mindfulness-Based Training website. Both the intervention group (n = 118) and the control group (n = 106) were evaluated pre- and post-intervention, and 8 weeks later (follow-up) using the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale-21, Job Satisfaction Scale and Mindful Attention Awareness Scale.

Results: There was a significant effect over time on stress, anxiety, depression and mindfulness level (p < .05). Regarding the difference between the groups and interaction between time and group, there was a significant effect for anxiety (p = .037 p = .008) and job satisfaction (p < .001, p = .40), respectively, with moderate effect size for anxiety reduction (.465) and small for job satisfaction increment (.221).

Conclusion: Mindfulness-Based Training is effective in improving anxiety and job satisfaction among nurses.

Clinical implications for nursing management: Mindfulness-Based Training can be included as hospital policy to reduce anxiety and increase job satisfaction among nurses.

Rank: 32
First Author: Ghawadra
Outcome: Stress,Depression,Anxiety,Mindfulness,Job Satisfaction
Outcome p-value: Stress:●, Depression:●, Anxiety:⭑, Mindfulness:●, Job Satisfaction:⭑⭑⭑
Intervention Category: Mindfulness
Time per Employee (hours): No time specified.
D&B Study Quality Rating: 19
Reviewer Confidence: 3
Country: Malaysia
Study Design Type: RCT
Materials Available to Implement: Intervention adapted from the 8-week Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) for the multi-ethnic Malaysian population. Activities, topics described in publication; references included. Self-practice guided by a website (https://pckar39011.wixsi te.com/mindfulgym-nurse). Corresponding author: katlim@um.edu.my.
Organiz./Individ. Focus: Individual
Prevention Category: Secondary
Effect Size: Small
Effect size Small: Anxiety,Job Satisfaction
Effect size Medium:
Reference: Ghawadra, Sajed Faisal, Khatijah Lim Abdullah, Wan Yuen Choo, Mahmoud Danaee, and Cheng Kar Phang. “The Effect of Mindfulness‐based Training on Stress, Anxiety, Depression and Job Satisfaction among Ward Nurses: A Randomized Control Trial.” Journal of Nursing Management 28, no. 5 (July 2020): 1088–97. https://doi.org/10.1111/jonm.13049.