Mindful Leadership for MedicalSpecialists

Mindful Leadership for MedicalSpecialists

Background: Medicalspecialists experience high levels of stress. This has an impact on their well-being, but also on quality of their leadership. In the current mixed method study, the feasibility and effectiveness of a course Mindful Leadership on burnout, well-being and leadership skills of Medicalspecialists were evaluated.

Methods: This is a non-randomized controlled pre-post evaluation using self-report questionnaires administered at 3 months before (control period), start and end of the training (intervention period). Burn-out symptoms, well-being and leadership skills were assessed with self-report questionnaires. Semi-structured interviews were used to qualitatively evaluate barriers and facilitators for completion of the course.

Results: From September 2014 to June 2016, 52 Medicalspecialists participated in the study. Of these, 48 (92%) completed the course. Compared to the control period, the intervention period resulted in greater reductions of depersonalization (mean difference = − 1.2, p = 0.06), worry (mean difference = − 4.3, p = 0.04) and negative work-home interference (mean difference = − 0.2, p = 0.03), and greater improvements of Mindfulness(mean difference = 0.5, p = 0.04), life satisfaction (mean difference = 0.4, p = 0.01) and self-reported ethical leadership (mean difference = 0.1, p = 0.02). Effect sizes were generally small to medium (0.3 to 0.6) and large for life satisfaction (0.8). Appreciation of course elements was a major facilitator and the difficulty of finding time a major barrier for participating.

Conclusions: A ‘Mindful Leadership’ course was feasible and not only effective in reducing burnout symptoms and improving well-being, but also appeared to have potential for improving leadership skills. Mindful leadership courses could be a valuable part of ongoing professional development programs for Medicalspecialists.

Rank: 51
First Author: Kersemeakers
Outcome: Emot. Exhaust./Comp. Fatig.,Anxiety,Burnout,Work-Life Balance,Intervention Experience,Mental Health,Mindfulness,Self-Compassion,Quality of Life,Well-being
Outcome p-value: Emotional Exhaustion/Compassion Fatigue:⭑⭑⭑, Anxiety:⭑⭑⭑, Burnout:⭑⭑⭑, Work-Life Balance:⭑, Intervention Experience:●, Mental Health:⭑⭑⭑, Mindfulness:⭑, Self-Compassion:⭑⭑⭑, Quality of Life:⭑⭑⭑, Well-being:⭑⭑⭑
Intervention Category: Mindfulness
Time per Employee (hours): 50
Hours per Employee: 50
D&B Study Quality Rating: 16
Reviewer Confidence: 3.5
Country: The Netherlands
Study Design Type: Quasi-experimental
Materials Available to Implement: Intervention outlined in publication. Further information is available from the corresponding author's organization: mindfulness@radboudumc.nl. Correspondence to: Linda.cillessen@radboudumc.nl
Organiz./Individ. Focus: Individual
Prevention Category: Primary
Effect Size: Small,Medium,Large
Effect size Small: Emot. Exhaust./Comp. Fatig.,Mental Health,Self-Compassion,Anxiety,Well-being
Effect size Medium: Work-Life Balance,Burnout,Mindfulness
Effect size Large: Quality of Life
Reference: Kersemeakers, W.M.,   Vreeling, K., Verweij, H., van der Drift, M., Cillessen, L., van Dierendonck, D., & Speckens, A.E.M. (2020). Effectiveness and feasibility of a mindful leadership course for Medical specialists: a pilot study. BMC MedicalEducation, 20:34. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-1948-5